Five crops were damaged by a year of extreme weather.

More than two dozen major climate disasters have hit the US so far this year, including flooding in eastern Kentucky and a record dry summer as the western US entered its 22nd year of a once-in-a-millennium megadrought.

Extreme weather is upending the food system in the US and much of the world. As the climate crisis causes temperatures to rise and precipitation patterns to shift, many crops are struggling to grow and produce the same yields they would under normal weather conditions. Some parts of the country are getting too much rain while others are not getting enough.

Growers are being forced to consider whether to shut down, relocate or alter their operations due to changes to growing seasons, limitations on water rights, and powerful storms. The shipping of food across the country is disrupted by extreme weather events.

The story of the havoc the climate crisis is causing is told by the five crops.

Florida’s oranges are torn off trees

The state will produce 28m boxes of oranges this season, which is 32% less than in the previous season, according to the USDA. This would be the smallest harvest in the last 70 years. The impact of Hurricane Ian may not be over, according to Royce. The storm caused fruit to fall in some areas, but it also uprooted or flooded trees in others.

Rice was left unplanted due to the dry spell.

Rice, wheat and corn are the three crops that provide the majority of the world’s calories. The growing season for rice was very difficult this year.

Rice farmers in California sowed the lowest number of seeds in more than 50 years. According to the California Rice Commission, only a quarter of a million acres of rice will be harvest this year.

California’s tomato crop decreases.

In August, the USDA predicted that California would only grow about 10 million tons of tomatoes, down 10% from its estimates at the beginning of the year because of the dry weather.

Approximately 30% of the world’s processed tomatoes are produced in California. Climate change could cause the global supply of processing tomatoes to fall in the next 30 years, according to researchers.

The wheat was waterlogged by rain.

As the war in Ukraine cut off the country’s large wheat exports, growers across the world had a difficult year.

 France, Spain, and India devoured wheat crops, while US growers struggled to survive a dry winter and a wet spring.

In the US, growers usually plant hard red winter wheat, used in bread, in the fall and sow spring wheat in the spring. The winter wheat harvest fell 25% this year as drought-hit midwestern states like Kansas. The high rainfall and spring snowstorm flooded spring crops.

New Mexico’s green chilis are flooded by the monsoon.

In southern New Mexico, the harvest of green Chilli was disrupted by record rains. A combination of heavy rains and a labor shortage flooded his fields and caused the green chile crop to be overtaken by weeds at his farm.

 The climate in southern New Mexico is perfect for the harvest of chilli. Parts of the state have had their wettest monsoon seasons in more than a century. About 1% of the state was still in a high state of drought by the end of the monsoon season, despite the fact that 45% of the state was in an exceptional state of dry weather early in the summer.

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